Stabilisation, Attenuation & Protection

Subbase formation using Abweb, Abgrid & Terrex - Devour, Holmfirth, UK

Client Devour

Radcliffe Construction

Consultant ONE17 Architects

Abweb Geocell

Abgrid Geogrid

Terrex NW Geotextile


500m² Abweb
2000m² Abgrid
2000m² Terrex


– No additional sub-base depth
– Rapid construction with minimum delays
– Used locally to solve soft ground


Project Description

In 2017 permission was granted to start the redevelopment of a historic abandoned mill in the Thongsbridge area of Holmfirth into a restaurant and cookery school. One of the main attractions was that it was situated in a scenic wooded valley at the side of the River Holme. Even before permission was granted for the development, concerns were raised as to the effects any development might have on local traffic. It was therefore essential that a spacious car park be constructed to avoid congestion on neighbouring streets.

The client wanted to create an attractive, permeable and environmentally friendly car park surface adjacent to the river. Planning restrictions also gave strict limits on the discharge rates to the river from the car park.

The Challenge

Although the area to the rear of the building provided a large space seemingly ideal for development as a car park and delivery area, it soon became clear that the ground next to the river was soft and required stabilisation. After further investigation, it was revealed that the north part of the car park had a previously unidentified millrace. This supplied water for the original mill and had accumulated a deep layer of silt. The ground in this area had a CBR value of less than 1%. In addition the site required a root barrier system.

To completely dig out the area would be a costly and impractical task and any excavated soil would have to be treated as contaminated waste and externally treated. The soft area was a late discovery when formation level had been cut, so there was little programme time to carry out additional work.

The Solution

ABG offered an Abweb geocell / Abgrid geogrid stabilisation combination over the soft areas to stiffen the Type 3 attenuation layer and to produce a stable subbase. The depth of stone had to be maximised, so a thick Terrex SNW geotextile protection layer replaced the 50mm sand blinding being used over the geomembrane. Terrex SNW geotextile was easier to place and provided better protection than the sand. Abgrid geogrid was then placed as a basal stiffening layer and Abweb geocell tied using Abfix Ties to the grid. This avoided the need for pins which would pierce the geomembrane. Abweb geocell was filled with Type 3 attenuation stone and then compacted to finished level, producing a firm stabilised surface ready for the placement of Sudspave permeable paving (see ABG SuDS Permeable Paving Devour Mill Case Study). No material was removed from site, with minimal delay to the filling operation.

ABG Stabilisation solution incorporating a Geomembrane, Terrex SNW geotextile, Abgrid Geogrid, Abweb Geocell and Type 3 angular aggregate.

The ABG Service

ABG offered design support and advice, including technical calculations and site visits.

Contact ABG today to discuss your stabilisation project specific requirements and discover how ABG past experience and innovative products can help.

Additional information